What is Object Oriented Programming (OOP)?
Object Oriented Programming is one of the software development approaches. It basically reflects the complexity and relationships of the real world to the software, making the code more understandable, sustainable and reusable. OOP works by dividing programmes into units formed by objects. Each object contains data and operations on this data. In this way, complex systems become easier to understand and manage.
Why OOP is Important?
Modularity and Usability: With OOP, your code has a modular structure. Thus, you can make your code more organised and understandable by developing different objects separately. This makes your code easier to maintain and update. At the same time, you can reuse components that can be used in different projects.
Data Hiding: OOP allows you to hide data and make it accessible only through certain methods. This protects the data from unwanted changes.
Inheritance: One of the most powerful features of OOP is the ability to inherit. By transferring the properties and methods of a class to another class, you can increase the reusability of the code while preventing code repetition.
Polymorphism: Thanks to OOP, you can define methods with different functions with the same name. This allows you to manage different objects using the same interface and generalise operations, making your code more flexible.
Teamwork: In large-scale projects, different developers may need to work together. OOP makes it easier for different teams to work on different objects.
As a result, Object Oriented Programming (OOP) is an effective approach to improving the organisation and maintainability of code. Its advantages such as modularity, data hiding, inheritance and polymorphism play a major role in today’s complex software projects. Therefore, understanding and applying OOP concepts is a must-have approach for every modern developer.